Eduard Dollerschell was born into modest circumstances. He initially did an apprenticeship as a lithographer, then attended the Wuppertal School of Arts and Crafts, studying with Fritz Bernuth, Julius Mermagen and Hans Seitz. A patron paid for him to study with Angelo Jank and Franz von Stuck at the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich. Dollerschell continued his studies in Paris from 1912 onwards. There he met Wilhelm Lehmbruck. In 1912, Dollerschell was also able to exhibit for the first time ever at the Salon d’Automne in Paris. He was in Marseille when war broke out in 1914. He returned to Germany, and during the First World War was active as a war artist in Russia and on the Western Front.
After the War, his new studio in Wuppertal became a centre of the city’s cultural life and a place of dialogue for musicians, actors, writers and painters. Dollerschell undertook numerous travels in the 1920s, and in 1927 decided to live in Paris for several years. After 1933, several of his works were declared “degenerate”. Dollerschell thereafter hid his works in a room behind his studio in Wuppertal, though he moved to Wülfrath after his studio was destroyed in a bombing raid in 1943. In the years up to 1945, he was twice refused a professorship.